The weapon whip is a weapon of the Middle Ages composed of a dense mass of iron attached to a handle more or less long through a chain. It was a widely used weapon in combats against plate armor and other medieval defensive weapons or shields.
Derived from the flax, agricultural utensil that served to separate the wheat from the spike. The flint or weapon whip, also called a hyssop, was a dangerous weapon, both by which he uses it and by his target.
In the handle, one, two, or three chains with hooked bristle swabs could have been attached. Often being used on two hands.
These weapons were used by the pawns but also by the knights to attack the enemies who were on foot thanks to the extra length achieved by the chain.
The unique configuration of the flap gave the characteristics:
Before an adversary equipped with a shield, the flexibility of the tie allowed the mace to fight against him passing over the protection. Also, the joint increased the force of the blow, making it more violent.
The same articulation made the transmission of force significantly different from that of a non-articulated weapon.
Although the chain used to measure no more than a third of the length of the handle for the safety of the one using it, its handling was awkward and required more training, in danger of getting hurt, and a particular space was needed to strike. Also, immobilizing it was particularly tricky, hence the need to use the flap next to a shield.
These terrible weapons were mostly used in Germany and Switzerland and instead seem not so much in France. This is rarely present in novels and chronicles and the manuscripts of the twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth centuries only appear exceptionally in their vignettes.
The denomination of these arms varied throughout the centuries. The Morgenstern was designated until the fourteenth century a club of arms whose mace was spherical or cylindrical and bristly with barbed wire, while the present Morgenstern is considered as a variant of the whip of arms.