Irrigator – a special device for cleaning teeth from plaque using a jet of liquid, fed at high pressure. Simultaneously, the remnants of food are removed, and the gums receive a message, which has a beneficial effect on their condition.
The regular use of the irrigator at home can reduce the number of visits to the dentist, increase the life of implants, crowns, and seals, and maintain the level of oral hygiene at a high level.
History of the Development of the Irrigator
When the First Device Was Invented
For the first time, such a device was manufactured in 1962 by American dentist Gerald Moeer. Together with hydraulic engineer John Mattingly, they developed and improved this equipment for five years.
The primary task was to efficiently isolate the working part of the device from water ingress. Over five years of testing and testing, more than 140 variants of device designs were created, and in 1967 the irrigator was patented and launched into mass production.
Since then, multiple tests have proven the effectiveness of the device with gingivitis, periodontitis and in the fight against plaque.
A jet of liquid can penetrate the dentogingival pockets and the space between the teeth.
If there are crowns or braces in the oral cavity, the use of the irrigator makes it possible to keep them practically in perfect purity, which can not be achieved with the traditional means of hygiene – a toothbrush, a thread and a rinse aid.
At the equal time, it must be realized that the irrigator cannot replace the toothbrush itself.
Types of Devices
Choose a Portable or Stationary Irrigator
Irrigators are divided into two main groups depending on mobility: stationary and portable, each of which has specific advantages and disadvantages.
Therefore, before buying an irrigator, you need to decide which type best suits your needs: how often you plan to use it, what features it should have, whether it is an individual device or an irrigator for the whole family with replaceable attachments.
Most irrigators consist of a reservoir of a liquid, connected by a tube with a handle through which spraying takes place. Modern models are equipped with a unique regulator, which allows you to vary the strength and intensity of spraying the liquid.
- Affordable price
- power from the mains
- increased reservoir for liquid
- a broad set of baits
- ability to adjust the power of the cleaning jet
- compact dimensions
- big sizes
- It is impossible, to take with you on trips
- high price
- a small reservoir for liquid
- it is impossible to create a high-pressure jet due to the low power of the batteries
There is another type of irrigators – non-containment. They do not have a tank and are connected directly to the faucet. In this case, the efficiency of the device depends directly on the pressure in the water pipes.
In addition to such devices, it is technically impossible to fill with any other liquid except tap water, the quality of which is often in doubt. These features do not contribute to the popularity of this type of irrigators.
What Are an Essential Characteristics in the Irrigator?
Depending on the type of irrigator, the devices differ in the volume of the fluid reservoir, the type of supply, the number of nozzles, the duration of continuous operation, air supply technology and the availability of additional functions.
To choose the best irrigator, always pay attention to the power of the device, because this factor directly affects the quality of tooth cleaning and gum massage. The minimum permissible power of a stationary irrigator is 550 kPa.
For portable models, the power is usually lower, but it should not be less than 520 kPa. The optimum number of pulsations per minute is 1200, regardless of the type of device.
Depending on the model of the device, the liquid jet can be a conventional monstration, pulsate or contain air microbubbles.
The monastery cleans the oral cavity only at the expense of the high pressure that is created. This is an outdated technology, inferior to the other two.
Periodic pulsation of water exerts a massage effect on the gingiva, thereby improving blood circulation and oxygen supply. Pulsation creates micro-hydraulic water strikes, thus more efficiently removing plaque and food residues.
A jet of water, mixed with the smallest air bubbles, due to the high oxygen content, has a bactericidal effect on the pathogenic micro flora. It is essential to maintain the proper level of oral hygiene to people with prostheses, crowns, braces, and with the tendency of the gums to bleed.
Indications and Contraindications
When Is It Recommended to Use the Irrigator?
The use of the irrigator has practically no contraindications. This device can be recommended for continuous use for preventive and curative purposes for those who aspire to maintain the hygienic state of the oral cavity at a high level.
Regular application of the irrigator is an excellent prevention of caries, gingivitis, periodontitis and many other dental problems.
Dentists Recommend Using an Irrigator
- Pregnant women. During this period, the risk of developing caries and various periodontal diseases is excellent. Regular use of the device helps to significantly reduce these risks and improve the condition of the oral cavity;
- Patients who undergo treatment for an abnormal occlusion or have some characteristics of the jaw structure, for example, crowding of teeth. It is often difficult for such people to observe oral hygiene due to objective reasons. The use of an irrigator helps to solve the problem of quality cleaning of hard-to-reach places;
- People are suffering from gingivitis or having initial stages of periodontitis. To achieve the maximum therapeutic effect, water should be replaced with particular solutions;
- Patients with various orthopedic constructions in the mouth – braces, crowns, bridges and the like
- Smokers and people suffering from severe breath
- Use irrigation agent should not be if
- There are bleeding gums, which does not go through two weeks of using the device
- Chronic inflammatory processes of the oral mucosa were aggravated
- There are severe cardiac and cardiovascular pathologies
- Preschool children are not yet developed manual skills, so they better not use such a sophisticated device without adult control.
We Choose a Special Liquid for the Irrigator
Oral water can be used to treat the oral cavity, however, to achieve the maximum effect, the use of special fluids for the irrigator. Depending on the composition and purpose, such fluids are divided into professional dental fluids and household products.
Professional fluids are prescribed by a dentist for therapeutic or recreational purposes after surgery. Often the use of such fluids occurs in parallel with physiotherapy. They include antiseptics and biological supplements, which help to increase local immunity and strengthen tooth enamel.
For home use, therapeutic and preventive fluids are used. Depending on the composition, they are divided into:
Eliminating bleeding – are indicated for various gum disease. Extracts of chamomile, sage, oak cortex or St. John’s wort have an anti-inflammatory effect. Some formulations contain triclosan or chlorhexidine, which have pronounced antibacterial properties;
fluorine-containing – fluoride compounds strengthen the crystal lattice, promoting regular remineralization of tooth enamel;
Eliminating unpleasant odor from the mouth – contain extracts of peppermint, pine needles or parsley leaves. These substances have good deodorizing properties.
Some prefer to use decoctions of herbs, prepared independently. In such cases, it is necessary to filter the finished composition well, so that the particles of the plants do not clog up the working openings of the irrigator and do not lead to a breakdown of the device.
In any case, before you start using the irrigator, it is worth consulting with a dentist.